• 1900 Buganda Agreement Articles

1900 Buganda Agreement Articles

In 1935, Sir Philip Mitchell arrived in Uganda as governor after serving in Tanganyika for the past sixteen years. He was convinced that relations between Uganda and the Protecting Power should be of a different character from that between the local authorities and the Government of Tanganyika. [9] Recognizing that early protectorate officials had produced a pattern of growing distrust and clandestine change, Mitchell devised a plan for reform and reshaping the system between the Protectorate and Buganda governments. [10] He claimed that the relationship between the protectorate government and the Buganda indigenous government was one of a protected rather than indirect regime, and planned to replace the position of provincial commissioner of Buganda with a resident and remove officials from the central district, assuming that the kabaka would be obliged to follow the advice of the resident and his staff. [9] However, under the Uganda Agreement of 1900, the Kabaka was only required to respond to this advice if the Lukiiko resolutions were implemented. Relations between the Kabaka, the Protectorate government and its ministers deteriorated, and due to the governor`s limited power under the 1900 agreement to impose his council on Kabaka, the reorganization led to a steady decline in the influence that the Protectorate government could exert in Buganda. [9] By establishing Uganda`s northern border as the Kafu River, the 1894 agreement formalized Colvile`s promise that Uganda would receive certain areas in exchange for its support against the Bunyoro. [1] Two of the “lost counties” (Buyaga and Bugangaizi) were returned to Bunyoro after the 1964 referendum on Uganda`s lost counties. [7] Article 6: Stipulated that Her Majesty`s Government would recognize and protect the existence of the Kabaka, Kabaka, chiefs and people of Buganda would respect the laws and cooperate with the colonial government. This article is at the heart of the entire agreement, as it dealt with the essential elements of the imposition of colonial rule on Buganda. Article 1 of the Agreement defined the borders and established the territory of the Kingdom of Buganda.

In this way, he established the geographical, political and administrative jurisdiction of the Kingdom. This had a number of implications: The Uganda Agreement, 1900 (See Indigenous Agreement and Buganda Indigenous Laws, Laws of the Agreement It led to the establishment of the Constitutional Court under Article 137 Article 21 authority of the Agreement At the request of Sir Gerald Portal, Alfred Tucker, Bishop of East Equatorial Africa and later Bishop of Uganda, urged the British authorities to: Uganda. [2] On May 29, 1893, a treaty between Portal and Kabaka Mwanga unofficially secured Uganda as a British protectorate. On August 27, 1894, Mwanga was forced to sign another treaty with Colonel H.E. Colvile, who promoted the conventional takeover of the territory. [3] Although the treaties of 1893 and 1894 were concluded because Uganda, as determined by the Berlin Conference, was within the British sphere of influence, Britain did not have the sanctity of traditional rulers and their peoples. It was important that an agreement be reached as opposed to a treaty, so that British rule would become de jure and not de facto. [3] In 1894, the Kingdom of Buganda, then known as Uganda, was declared a British protectorate on the basis of a treaty concluded the previous year with the Kabaka (king) of Buganda. Six years later, an agreement was reached between the chiefs of Buganda, acting on behalf of the Kabaka (then minors) and the buganda people on the one hand, and Harry Johnston, acting on behalf of the Queen of England, on the other. The Agreement was called the Uganda Agreement of 1900 (hereinafter referred to as the Buganda Agreement or the Agreement).

This agreement has been variously described as “the Buganda Bill of Rights”, “the Magna Carta”, “the Buganda Constitution”, etc. This was an important step in Britain`s relationship with Buganda. It survived for about fifty years. Anthony Low correctly notes that of all the treaties between Britain and local authorities during the colonial period, “few. were of such importance that . [this] The agreements, few were so detailed, few acquired such importance in the relationship with the colonial people. In addition to the Buganda Agreement, there was the Toro Agreement of 1900 and the Ankole Agreement of 1901, which the British concluded with the rulers of these two kingdoms. Although these latter agreements were important in their own way, they did not reach the importance of the Buganda agreement. 5.

Laws promulgated by Her Majesty`s Government for the general management of the Protectorate of Uganda shall also apply to the Kingdom of Uganda, unless they are particularly contrary to the provisions of this Agreement, in which case the provisions of this Agreement constitute a special exception in respect of the Kingdom of Uganda. Mugambwa, J.T. (1987) The legal aspects of the Buganda Agreement of 1900 revisited. Zeitschrift für Rechtspluralismus und inoffizielles Recht, 25-26. S. 243-274. Article 9, in which are defined the administrative units / counties of Buganda. The agreement confirmed that the kingdom was the main entry into Uganda for control of the rest of the protectorate`s territory. It is significant that inside the demarcated border was a territory that belonged to Bunyoro and that Buganda had been given by the colonial government for its support in the defeat and pacification of Bunyoro. .