What 2 Documents Influenced the Bill of Rights
The First Amendment offers several rights protections: expressing ideas through speech and the press, meeting with a group or gathering to protest or for other reasons, and calling on the government to resolve the issues. It also protects the right to religious beliefs and practices. It prevents the government from creating or promoting a religion. To address concerns that the federal government might claim that rights that are not enumerated in the Bill of Rights are not protected, Madison added the Ninth Amendment, which states that “the enumeration of certain rights in the Constitution shall not be construed as rejecting or denigrating other rights retained by the people.” To ensure that Congress is seen as a government with limited and not unlimited powers, he added the 10th Congress. Add a constitutional amendment stating that “powers not conferred on the United States by the Constitution or prohibited by it to states are reserved to states or .dem people.” Because the first Congress focused on protecting people from the kinds of threats to liberty they had suffered from King George, the rights enumerated in the first eight amendments to the Bill of Rights apply only to the federal government, not to states or private corporations. Amendment IX (9): Rights retained by the people The enumeration of certain rights in the Constitution should not be interpreted as a denial or denigration of others that are retained by the people. Madison was least concerned about “abuses in the executive division,” which he said would be the weakest branch of government. He was more concerned about congressional abuses because he saw the legislature as “the most powerful and most likely to be mistreated because it is under the least scrutiny.” (He was particularly concerned that Congress might enforce tax laws by issuing general arrest warrants to break into people`s homes.) But according to him, “the great danger lies in the abuse of the community rather than in the legislature” – in other words, local majorities taking control of state governments and threatening the fundamental rights of minorities, including creditors and landlords. For this reason, the proposed amendment, which Madison considered “the most valuable change on the entire list,” would have prohibited state governments from restricting freedom of conscience, speech, and the press, as well as jury trials in criminal cases.
Madison`s favorite amendment was withdrawn by the Senate and revived only after the Civil War, when the 14th Congress was passed. These are the Magna Carta, the charters of the Virginia Company of London, the Virginia Bill of Rights and the Declaration of Independence, especially the Declaration, the Constitution and the Bill of Rights are based on the idea that all peoples have certain fundamental rights, for the protection of which governments were created. These rights include common law rights that come from British sources such as the Magna Carta, or natural rights that, as the founders believed, came from God. The founders believed that natural rights are inherent in all human beings because of their humanity and that some of these rights are inalienable, which means that they cannot be ceded to the government under any circumstances.